Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is autologous (your body’s own) blood plasma that has been enriched with platelets. As a concentrated source of autologous platelets, PRP contains several different growth factors and other cytokines that stimulate the healing of bone and soft tissue. Typical concentrations of platelets in PRP are 5-10 times that is found in blood. These small disk-shaped cells contain natural sources of growth factors, proteins and cytokines that stimulate the healing of bone and soft tissues.
PRP helps heal soft tissue injuries by attracting stem cells and releases growth factors (cytokines) and stimulate growth.
An important function of platelets is their ability to release cytokines, which are responsible for almost all repair processes that naturally occur in the body. Cytokines play a very important role in cellular communication and cumulatively accelerate tissue and wound healing. PRP is a consolidator of these growth factors and many proteins that collectively stimulate repair and regeneration.
By gathering at the site of an injury and attaching to the injured soft tissue, the platelets create a solid foundation for blood coagulation to occur. This results in a formation of a fibrin clot that covers the wound and prevents blood from leaving the body. The platelets do this while attracting the aid of the body’s stem cells, another natural healing element. PRP and stem cells can begin to make a fibrin layer. With this essential platform, new tissue may form and healing can begin to occur.
Overall, PRP therapy is a safe treatment option. Since PRP therapy uses a patient’s own blood, there is no risk of allergic reaction or rejection. Any time a needle is placed in the body, there is a risk of infection, bleeding, and nerve damage; however, these are very rare with PRP therapy.
PRP treatments are completed as outpatient procedures, under local anesthetic, so there is no risk of adverse reaction to anesthesia or any other risks associated with traditional surgical procedures.
Soft tissue injuries and acute conditions are very responsive to PRP. Since a one-on-one consultation is the best way to determine if you and your specific issue could benefit from PRP therapy, Dr. Santos offers consultations at the Regenerative Cell Institutes of Las Vegas, Nevada, and Mason City, Iowa.
Individual patient results may vary, contact us to schedule a consultation and learn whether PRP treatment may be able to help you.